Monday, 15 September 2014

OS Installation: Easiest way to use USB for boot and install Linux Distro [Linux Mint]

A Green Administrator finds discs wasteful when they have to burn CD/DVD and use it to install an OS on a computer. In order to avoid that, using USB to boot a Linux OS image is the best the way to save CD/DVDs, and USB have faster speed of random files reading than disc drive.

In this tutorial, we are going to use a freeware to create a bootable USB drive. A freeware called "Universal USB installer" is an absolutely effortless tool for creating one and it provides a list of Linux Distributions options.(Click here to visit the download page)

Okay, less talk more actions now.

The Requisition Steps

1). Download Linux Mint ISO file.
2). Download Universal USB Installer.
3). 2GB or more USB stick and plug in to the computer

The Lab

1). Let's launch the Universal USB Installer.
2). Click "Agree" on the agreement window.

3). You should be on the same windows as below now: 

4). Select "Linux Mint" from the drop down box.
5). Click "Browse" and find Linux Mint's ISO file.
6). Select the correct USB drive you want the ISO files being burnt in to.
7). Tick "We will format x:\Drive as Fat32".
8). Skip "Set a Persistent file size for strong changes (Optional)". You may be wonder what is Persistent File size...

What does Persistence mean for USB Linux Users?
For USB Linux users, a persistent Linux install is one that allows it's user to save data changes back to the USB storage device instead of leaving the information in system RAM. This data can then be recovered and used again on subsequent boots, even when booting from different machines. Typically a separate Persistent storage space (persistent overlay) is used in conjunction with a compressed Live Linux OS. - Source
9). Click on "Create" button to create a USB bootable drive!

10). Once the program has finished the Installation, remember to use "Remove Safe USB Ejection" to safety remove the USB from the computer in order to keep the file's integrity. 

11). Plug the USB in to the computer you want to setup.

12). Make sure the computer have USB boot function enabled in BIOS and USB is set to top priority in the BOOT order, alternatively you can use "Boot Menu" to select the USB to boot.

13). Done! The Bootable USB drive should start loading the Linux Mint installation files.

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